Common Name: Siberian Elm
Scientific Name: Ulmus pumila
Other Names: Asiatic Elm; Dwarf Elm; Manchurian Elm, Littleleaf Elm.
Leaf: Deciduous; simple; alternate; thin, long, small; single toothed margin; dark green,
yellow in fall; hairless; smooth; pointed tip.
Flower: Brown to greenish-red; clusters of 2 to 5; drooping; lacks petals.
Fruit: Samara, round wings with seed in the center; green when new, brownish-tan and dry
when mature; 10 mm long; hairless; small clusters; closed notch at tip; almost round.
Twig: Thin; brittle; light grey; zigzag shaped; spots (lenticels).
Bark: Grey, brown; rough; shallow furrows when mature.
Did you know?
1. The Siberian Elm is extremely susceptible to illness and has very brittle wood. The
brittleness of the wood results in damage during storms and under the weight of ice.
2. The Siberian Elm is the hardest elm, and originates from East Asia.
3. The Siberian Elm was once planted as an alternative to the American Elm because the
American Elm was being affected by Dutch Elm’s disease, but the Siberian Elm is resistant
to it. However, it has since fallen out of popularity due to its brittle wood.
Lat, Long: 43.7861855, -79.5891608
Diameter (DBH): 28.8 cm
Last Year Modified: 2015
Carbon Stored in this Tree: 160.1 kg of C
Equivalent CO2: 586.96 kg of C
1. Farrar, J. L. 2007. Trees in Canada. ON. Canadian Forest Service.
2. United States Department of Agriculture. 2014. Field Guide for Managing Siberian Elm
in the Southwest. USDA Forest Service. Retrieved on October 27, 2015 from
3. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Staff. 2005. Weed of the Week: Siberian Elm. USDA
Forest Service. Retrieved on October 29, 2015 from
4. Missouri Department of Conservation. N.A. Siberian Elm. Retrieved on October 29, 2015
5. Siberian Elm. N.A. Retrieved on October 29, 2015 from
6. Photo Credit: MONGO (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
7. Photo Credit: Shizhao (Own work) [CC BY-SA 2.5
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons.
8. Photo Credit: Ronnie Nijboer [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons.
9. Photo Credit: Teun Spaans (Own work) [CC BY 3.0
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.
10. Photo Credit: Matt Lavin from Bozeman, Montana, USA (Ulmus pumila Uploaded by Tim1357)
[CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.
11. Photo Credit: Bogomolov.PL (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
Copyright 2015Association for Canadian Educational Resources
Before modern refrigeration, ice was cut off the surface of the Humber River and stored below ground as part of the ice market for year round refrigeration.