Common Name: Littleleaf Linden
Scientific Name: Tilia cordata
Leaf: Simple, alternate, deciduous, single toothed; heart-shaped (hence the name cordata), 3.5-8cm long; Upper leaf dark green, paler beneath, turns yellow in autumn; color of tooth is lighter green (gland-tipped); base slightly asymmetrical.
Flower: Flower yellowish green, 5 petals, 5 sepals, 0.9-1.3cm across; pleasant fragrant; flowers in clusters in June/July after leaves expand.
Fruit: Fruit small, round (less than 1cm in diameter) with pointy tip, hairy, greenish brown, slightly ribbed; 1 seeded, thin shelled, fruits hang in clusters; mature in autumn and persist through winter.
Twig: Twigs reddish-brown, zigzagged; buds asymmetrical, 2-scaled, greenish-red.
Bark: Young bark pale, smooth; mature bark dark greyish brown with blocky ridges.
Wood: Clear white in color; light, soft, even grained.
Facts About This Tree:
1. Littleleaf Linden is small to medium sized tree that grows 12 to 15m tall and 40-80cm in trunk diameter.
2. They are often planted in urban area as they tolerate air pollution and don’t have serious pest or disease problems (except for Japanese beetles but control is seldom needed).
3. The fine-textured, easily worked wood is ideal for carving and turning. Because the wood does not warp, it can be used for drawing boards and keys of pianos and organs.
4. The dried flowers are sometimes sold in health stores and are used to make medicinal teas as an anti-inflammatory in a range of respiratory problems.
Lat, Long: 43.78166, -79.59152
Diameter (DBH): 50.5 cm
Last Year Modified: 2015
Carbon Stored in this Tree: 585.73 kg of C
Equivalent CO2: 2147.48 kg of C
1. Linda Kershaw. 2001. Trees of Ontario. Edmonton, AB Canada. Lone Pine Publishing
2. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson. 1994. Tilia Cordata. Fact Sheet ST-637. US Forest Service Department of Agriculture. retrieved on Aug 2014 from http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/tilcora.pdf
3. Photo Credit: Daniel J. Kim; Tilia cordata – Winter-Linde by Nuuuuuuuuuuul via Flickr – https://flic.kr/p/crDLgE; n264_w1150 by Biodiversity Heritage Library via Flickr – https://flic.kr/p/bR2doK
Copyright 2015 Association for Canadian Educational Resources
The Humber River was a common destination for vacationers due to its multiple recreational values in the early 20th century. Located just north of the city of Toronto, Woodbridge was considered “cottage country” for many city dwellers.