Common Name: Douglas Fir
Scientific Name: Pseudotsuga menziesii
Other Names: Coast Douglas-fir, Green Douglas-fir, Douglas
Leaf: Evergreen, flat, flexible, has a slender short stalk with a narrowed base, generally 2-3 cm long, needles spirally arranged, upper surface bright and yellowish green and lines of white dots beneath
Flower: Narrow conical terminal bud, upto 10 mm long, shinny reddish-brown overlapping scales
Fruit: Pitchfork-shaped bracts of hanging Woody cones (3-4 inches long)
Twig: Moderately stout and flexible, hairy, greenish-brown later becoming grayish-brown, leaf-cushion a low ridge of bark darkened at the forward end
Bark: smooth, thin, gray, resin-blistered when young becoming deeply furrowed when mature, broad, dark reddish-brown ridges up to 30 cm thick
Wood: moderately heavy and hard, exceptionally strong; heartwood reddish-brown, sapwood yellowish-white
Did you know?
1. Used in shipbuilding, laminated beams, interior and exterior finishing and other structural purposes.
2. It is also used to manufacture sashes, doors and windows
3. It’s products are also excellent for applications where a fine, knotty material is required
Lat, Long: 43.7860827, -79.5900868
Diameter (DBH): 8.7 cm
Last Year Modified: 2015
Carbon Stored in this Tree: 10.45 kg of C
Equivalent CO2: 38.33 kg of C
1. Farrar, J. L. 2007. Trees in Canada. ON. Canadian Forest Service.
2. Kershaw, Linda. 2001. Trees of Ontario. Edmonton, AB Canada. Lone Pine Publishing
3. Douglas Fir Characteristics – Western Forest Products. Western Forest Products.
4. Photo Credit: By Leslie Seaton from Seattle, WA, USA (Douglas fir)
[CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
5. Photo Credit: By Dog Walking Girl (Own work)
[CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
6. Photo Credit: By UtherSRG at en.wikipedia
[GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)
7. Photo Credit: By USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman, D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook.
USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Admin., Bismarck, ND. () [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
8. Photo Credit: By (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
9. Photo Credit: By Hunt, Eric. Pseudotsuga Menziesii. Retrived from Flickr. Retrived on 29 Oct. 2015. Web.
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Located a few metres west of where you stand now, at 137 Woodbridge Avenue, you will find the Nathaniel Wallace House built in 1873. Built and occupied by Captain Nathaniel Wallace, the Wallace sons played a significant role in provincial and federal politics. The family also built and operated the Inkerman Hotel. Wallace House is publicly accessible, visit http://www.wallacehouse.ca/ for more information.