Common Name: White Spruce
Scientific Name: Picea glauca
Leaf: Needles bluish green, covered with whitish film; Square in cross section; 1.4-2cm long; Tips pointed; Stiff; Pungent odor when crushed.
Flower: Pollen cones; males rosy red, 1.5-2cm long, shed yellow pollen at maturity; females red or yellowish green, oval.
Fruit: Cones slender, cylindrical, hanging; Beige brown at maturity; Soft to touch; About 140 seeds per cone; Begin bearing cones at age 20-30.
Twig: Hairless, beige, slender.
Bark: On younger trees, thin somewhat smooth, light gray; On older trees, ash gray (newly exposed bark is pinkish), scaly.
Wood: Light, soft, straight-grained, odorless and fine-textured; Annual growth rings distinct.
Facts About This Tree:
1. White Spruce usually lives between 250 and 350 years, but trees up to 1,000 years have been seen.
2. The wood is used extensively by the pulp and paper industry and for making boxes, shipping crates and rough lumber.
3. White spruce is the provincial tree of Manitoba.
Lat, Long: 43.75062,-79.82327
Diameter (DBH): 8.3 cm
Last Year Modified: 2015
Carbon Stored in this Tree: 7.90 kg of C
Equivalent CO2: 28.96 kg of C
1. Blouin, Glen. 2001. An Eclectic Guide to Trees East of the Rockies. Erin, ON. Boston Mills Press
2. Linda Kershaw. 2001. Trees of Ontario. Edmonton, AB Canada. Lone Pine Publishing
3. Ministry of Natural Resources. 2013. The Tree Atlas. Retrieved from http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/ClimateChange/2ColumnSubPage/STDPROD_101493.html
4. Photo Credit: Daniel Kim; Kathryn Chin; Minitry of Natural Resources.
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